The United States of America is a great power on Earth.
Population: 476 million
Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
Languages: No official language, English and Spanish most common
Founded in 1787-89 by the thirteen formerly British colonies in North America, the United States had grown to become a super power by the end of the Second World War in 1945, by which time only the Soviet Union was their (near) equal in military or economic power. With the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States remained the world’s single remaining super power for some decades, but by the middle of the 21st century, domestic economic troubles and the rise of other powers such as China and the European Union had combined to form a new international system in which the United States was considered a single great power among several others.
Now by the beginning of the 22nd century, the United States still remains the strongest great power overall, and is taking an active lead in the development of Earth orbit, Mars and the rest of the Solar System.
The US is a federal republic of 51 states and a federal government seated in Washington, DC. It has a two-party political system with the Democratic Party as the main left-wing and the Alliance Party as the main right-wing party.
The Democratic Party has held the Presidency since the victory of Timothy Moore in the election of 2104, who also won relection in 2108. Benefiting from Moore’s continued popularity, his Vice President James Fisher went on to win the 2112 election, but his subsequent administration has been marred by several corruption and power abuse scandals, so the Alliance Party candidate Nicole Patricia Gallagher is predicted the likely winner of the upcoming election in November 2116.
Even after seeing significant cuts to the defense budget during the Fisher Administration, the US military is still considered the strongest in the world. While numerically inferior to the Chinese military, the United States’s advantages in both technology, training and morale give its armed forces an unsurpassed level of combat readiness and ability to project power.
The five branches of the US military are the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. With the development of space travel, the US armed space forces have been made the responsibility of the Air Force (although not without strong opposition from the Navy, which argued that operations in space were actually closer to the experience aboard their submarines). For this purpose, the Air Force has been subdivided in two separate commands: USAF, Aerospace Command which oversees all operations on Earth and in orbit, and USAF, Deep Space Command with authority over all operations beyond orbit. The total US military space forces are estimated at some 60 armed and support craft, plus a division of 15,000 Marines trained in space-based operations and orbital insertions.